- Apparent steel consumption in the EU fell by -10.8% year-on-year in the fourth quarter of 2019 after a drop of 1.6% in the third quarter. This resulted in an annual decline of -5.3% for full year 2019.
- The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has compounded an already challenging steel market situation, with unprecedented consequences for the European steel industry
- Data for the fourth quarter of 2019 continued to show growing import distortions as well as higher volatility as a result of the increase in the size of the EU steel safeguard quota.
Brussels, 12 May 2020 – The COVID-19 outbreak has caused steel consumption forecasts to be slashed and the overall economic outlook downgraded. Shutdown measures implemented by governments starting from March 2020 have severely impacted manufacturing activity and steel-using industrial sectors. However, steel demand had been struggling even in 2019, as new data has shown in the European Steel Association’s (EUROFER) latest Economic and Market Outlook, published today.
“The European steel sector had already been experiencing subdued developments in the second half of 2019 due to a downturn in the EU manufacturing sector, escalating trade wars between the US and several of its main trading partners, ineffective EU steel safeguards, and persistent uncertainty regarding Brexit”, said Axel Eggert, Director General of the European Steel Association (EUROFER). “These factors combined led to a continued deterioration in business sentiment and curbed investment growth throughout 2019, even before the onset of the pandemic”.
Apparent steel consumption in the EU fell by -10.8% year-on-year in the fourth quarter of 2019 after a drop of 1.6% in the third quarter. This resulted in an annual decline of -5.3% for full year 2019.
“This was the worst performance in EU steel demand since 2012,” added Mr Eggert. “The negative development seen in the fourth quarter of 2019 is the result of the continued slump in EU’s manufacturing sector due to weakened exports and investment. This trend became more pronounced during the second half of last year, coupled with escalating trade tensions between the US and its major trading partners”.
Data for the fourth quarter of 2019 continued to show growing import distortions as well as higher volatility as a result of the increase in the size of the EU steel safeguard quota.
“The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has compounded an already challenging steel market situation, with unprecedented consequences for the European steel industry,” emphasised Mr Eggert. “Capacity idling, reductions in the workforce and cuts in production are already taking place at an unprecedented scale. This difficulty will likely continue when manufacturing restarts as lockdown measures ease across Europe”.
It is unknown, at the time of writing, as to when – or whether – normal economic activity will be fully restored. EUROFER assumes that, given the pace of deconfinement and the measures to ease the lockdown that have been set out by most EU governments, production should be able to restart again in almost all industrial sectors from the beginning of the third quarter. The coming months will nevertheless be determined by global restrictions on economic activity.
Notes for editors
Charles de Lusignan, Spokesperson and head of communications, +32 2 738 79 35, (email@example.com)
The full Quarter 2 Economic and Steel Market Outlook 2020-2021 is available: here
About the European Steel Association (EUROFER)
EUROFER AISBL is located in Brussels and was founded in 1976. It represents the entirety of steel production in the European Union. EUROFER members are steel companies and national steel federations throughout the EU. The major steel companies and national steel federations in Switzerland and Turkey are associate members.
About the European steel industry
The European steel industry is a world leader in innovation and environmental sustainability. It has a turnover of around €170 billion and directly employs 330,000 highly-skilled people, producing on average 160 million tonnes of steel per year. More than 500 steel production sites across 22 EU Member States provide direct and indirect employment to millions more European citizens. Closely integrated with Europe’s manufacturing and construction industries, steel is the backbone for development, growth and employment in Europe.
Steel is the most versatile industrial material in the world. The thousands of different grades and types of steel developed by the industry make the modern world possible. Steel is 100% recyclable and therefore is a fundamental part of the circular economy. As a basic engineering material, steel is also an essential factor in the development and deployment of innovative, CO2-mitigating technologies, improving resource efficiency and fostering sustainable development in Europe.